Lawmakers considered the therapeutic value of medical cannabis derived terpenes, THC, and CBD in their decision to make medical marijuana legal in over 38 states. Consumers approved to consume medical cannabis are often curious about what contributes to the smell, taste, and overall experience. Three main things are at work; terpenes, THC, and CBD. Cannabis terpenes also have a lot to do with the “whole-plant” or “full-spectrum” experience, commonly called the “entourage effect”. This Terpenes 101 Guide explains what are terpenes, the difference between terpenes, CBD, and THC, and the benefits of the most common terpene, Myrcene.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes, or terpenoids, are generally natural chemical compounds found mostly in plants, fruits, and vegetables. These compounds are primarily essential oils that give plants their aroma and flavor. Incidentally, terpenes appear in higher concentrations in the trichomes of the cannabis plant’s flower.
The marijuana flower or buds end up with distinctive aromas and flavors because of terpenes. Sweet, citrusy, skunky, earthy, woody, herbal, and diesel are just some of the flavors and aromas. Naturally, consumers are drawn to the unique flavor and aroma their taste buds and nostrils appreciate. For example, some consumers like the skunky profile of Skunky Jack and the citrus profile of Super Lemon Haze.
Top 5 List of Terpenes
Scientists have discovered roughly 400 cannabis terpenes. Different cannabis terpenes contribute to the noticeable tastes and scents. However, the following five are among the top most dominant terpenes:
Myrcene is known as the most abundant cannabis terpene and gives off an earthy, herbal flavor and aroma. The chemical compound is present in high concentrations in indica cannabis. The sedative or relaxing effects in indica strains link back to the presence of Myrcene. Scientists found evidence that suggests myrcene may support alternative relief for certain medical complaints. Learning the beneficial value of terpenes helps medical marijuana consumers understand why certain strains may be recommended for relief.
Like any other terpene, the percentage of myrcene in a particular strain will depend on how the plant was grown, harvested, and processed. Also, keep in mind that manufacturers can infuse terpenes from other botanicals to enhance the terpene profile and biological effects.
Terpenes vs THC vs CBD
The marijuana plant is as complex as it is misunderstood. It contains hundreds of cannabinoids and terpenes and another important compound known as flavonoids. Terpenes, THC, and CBD are three separate compounds. Even though they are found in every marijuana strain, they have different purposes and potential benefits.
- Terpenes: You already know terpenes determine aroma and flavor. Additionally, they are not psychotropic, meaning they do not create euphoria.
- THC: THC and CBD are two of the more important of the more than 100 cannabinoids present in cannabis. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive compound found in cannabis. It is responsible for creating a mental state called euphoria.
- CBD: Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive compound. In other words, it does not cause a high or affect a person’s mental state when used by itself. In fact, pure CBD is extracted from the hemp part of the cannabis plant. Hemp is not considered cannabis since it typically contains trace amounts or less than 0.3% THC. Because of its wide range of medicinal properties, CBD may provide natural relief when consumed or applied to the skin.
Even though each of these compounds has its own unique values, they work together to create a powerful experience called the entourage effect. By working in synergy, THC, CBD, terpenes, and flavonoids enhance the holistic or full spectrum benefits of cannabis.
What Cannabis Products Contain Terpenes?
Terpenes, THC, and CBD are present in cannabis products, such as flower, concentrates, tinctures, vapes, and gummies. Since terpenes play such a vital role in the “whole plant’ benefits of cannabis, manufacturers now infuse cannabis derived terpenes into various products. This helps enhance the flavor and aroma profile as well as the product’s overall therapeutic abilities.
The Citizen by Klutch Medical Marijuana Dispensaries in Ohio
The world of cannabis isn’t as complex as it seems. Getting the right information on the importance of terpenes, THC, and CBD helps our consumers appreciate their use for alternative wellness. Start and continue your wellness journey with premium products from The Citizen.
Our shelves are well-stocked with cannabis products designed especially for registered marijuana patients with medical marijuana ID cards. Visit us and experience unmatched customer care. Order online, in-store, or drive-thru our dispensary in Lorain or Canton, Ohio.